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范美忠《“5·12”汶川地震亲历记》

事件回放:地震了老师先跑了

[日期:2008-05-25]   [字体: ]
范美忠在天涯论坛写下了《那一刻地动山摇——“5·12”汶川地震亲历记》一文,文中细致地描述了自己在地震时所做的一切以及过后的心路历程。

  据描述,范美忠当时正在四川都江堰光亚学校上语文课,课桌晃动了一下,但范根据对地震的一些经验,认为是轻微地震,因此叫学生不要慌。但话还没完,教学楼猛烈地震动起来。

  “我瞬间反应过来——大地震!然后猛然向楼梯冲过去。”后来,范美忠发现自己是第一个到达足球场的人,等了好一会才见学生陆续来到操场,随后他与学生有一段对话:

  范:“你们怎么不出来?”

  学生:“我们一开始没反应过来,只看你一溜烟就跑得没影了,等反应过来我们都吓得躲到桌子下面去了!等剧烈地震平息的时候我们才出来!老师,你怎么不把我们带出来才走啊?”

  范:“我从来不是一个勇于献身的人,只关心自己的生命,你们不知道吗?上次半夜火灾的时候我也逃得很快!”

  接着,范美忠对一位对他感到有些失望的学生说道:“我是一个追求自由和公正的人,却不是先人后己勇于牺牲自我的人!在这种生死抉择的瞬间,只有为了我的女儿我才可能考虑牺牲自我,其他的人,哪怕是我的母亲,在这种情况下我也不会管的。因为成年人我抱不动,间不容发之际逃出一个是一个,如果过于危险,我跟你们一起死亡没有意义;如果没有危险,我不管你们你们也没有危险,何况你们是十七八岁的人了!”

  范美忠写道:“这或许是我的自我开脱,但我没有丝毫的道德负疚感,我还告诉学生,‘我也决不会是勇斗持刀歹徒的人!’”这些话如一石激起千层浪,在论坛上炸开了锅。

  范美忠:牺牲是选择不是美德

  事后,范美忠又发表了一篇《我为什么写〈那一刻地动山摇〉》,并对网友的部分问题做了回答:我这些话在回去上课之后还会跟学生说也会跟其他人说。告诉学生也告诉其他人,你自己的生命也很重要!你有救助别人的义务,但你没有冒着极大生命危险救助的义务,如果别人这么做了,是他的自愿选择,无所谓高尚!如果你没有这么做,也是你的自由,你没有错!先人后己和牺牲是一种选择,但不是美德!从利害权衡来看,跑出去一个是一个!

  昨晚9时27分,范美忠在天涯回应了网友的指责,他表示跑之前自己确实该喊一声,“下次有经验了。但不希望有下次!”

  他说:“尚未跟更多学生特别是当时在我班上的学生深入讨论这件事,尤其没跟家长讨论,他们如果骂我我绝不介意!我希望听到学生家长的真实想法。也许这样对判断我的行为和真正确立合理的教师职业道德规范以及探讨出最合理的应对策略都是有益的。”

  观点PK

  网友对这段文字展开了激烈的交锋,不少网友质疑范先跑掉不但没有尽到教师的职责,而且还“没有丝毫的道德负疚感”,实在过分。但也有一些网友认为不应该对他过于苛刻:毕竟老师也是普通人,遇到危险保护自己是人的本能,而且,范能在网上公开自己的所做所想,至少说明他是个诚实的人,勇于直面自己的人。

  丢下学生先跑是否不尽职?

  网友“yiping1914”:如果范先生面对的是未成年的学生,无论如何有必要喊一声:“快跑!”《中华人民共和国未成年人保护法》第四章第四十条规定:“学校、幼儿园、托儿所和公共场所发生突发事件时,应当优先救护未成年人。”这里应当不是单指一个无形的法人,而是包括所有的工作人员。就责任来说,范先生失职了,不适合当老师。

  网友“杜01”:教师不一定有救助学生的义务,老师也是人,首先做到的应该是设法活下来照顾好自己的家庭。基本上大伙儿都是缺陷累累的人,谁也不会傻到舍己为人当雷锋,只不过略懂人情世故的,当时提醒学生一句就算给自己良心有个交代了。

  直面内心还是不知羞耻?

  网友“押沙龙”:如果一个人真的碰到灾难,撇下母亲自己跑了。当然不能说大家就应该把他骂死,但如果他真是毫无愧色地高谈阔论自己当时的机智,难道真的不是无耻的一件事?人做了错事,不应该愧疚而死,但应该愧疚;因为很简单,我们脆弱的人性就是这样,会软弱,但也会愧疚。

  网友“狂风怪回来了”:平心而论,楼主的行为很可能是未经受过必要训练的普通人大多数的临机反应模式。试想,若易地而处,我们每一个人是否必定不会如他一般行动呢?他原本可以保持沉默,但他没有,说明他能直面内心,难能可贵。

Fan loyalty in the United States and wrote the Tianya forum, "the moment the mountains shake the earth will quake -" 5 12 "Wenchuan earthquake Qin Liji," a text, the text of the detailed description of its all done by the earthquake and after the course of the Mind.
It described the U.S. Fan loyalty is the time of Dujiangyan in Sichuan Guangya school language classes, the desks of the sloshing, but the norm based on the number of earthquake experience, that is minor earthquake, the students called Buyao Huang. But if not end, the teaching building fiercely shook up.

"My instant reaction from - Earthquake! Stairs-and then suddenly to the past." Subsequently, the United States Fan loyalty is the first found themselves at the football field, such as the Hao Yihui to see students gradually came to the playground, and then he Students for a dialogue:

Fan: "You do not how out» "

Student: "We have no response from the very beginning, you just did not shadow fell on the run, and so we are scared reaction from the table below to躲到! Intense seismic calm, and so when we come out! Teachers, how can you not to We bring out only Zoua »"

Fan: "I have never been a brave dedication of the people, concerned only about their own lives, you do not know what» fire last night when I Taode soon! "

Then, Fan allegiance to the United States and one pair of his students feel a bit disappointed said: "I was a pursuit of free and fair, not after their ancestors have been self-sacrifice of the brave! In this film the moment, only to My daughter I might consider self-sacrifice, other people, even my mother, in which case I would not have control, because I have fixed adults, Jianburongfa of the escape is a one, too Dangerous, I told you to death is meaningless, if not dangerous, I do not care you have not dangerous to you, let alone you are Shiqi Ba-year-old person! "

US-Zhong Fan wrote: "This may be the self-excuse me, but I do not have the slightest sense of moral Fujiu, I tell students, 'I will never Doo-yong is identify people with a knife!'" These words like stone Melaleuca stirred up waves in the Forum Blast pot.

Fan US-chung: sacrifice is not the virtue of choice

Afterward, Van US-chung also published an "Why did I write <the moment the mountains shake the earth will quake>", and netizens to do some of the problems of the answer: I go back to school in these words after that will be with students from other People say. Told the students also told other people, your own life is also very important! You have the obligation to help others, but you do not at GREat risk to life rescue the obligation, if others do so, is his voluntary choice, does not matter noble! If you do not do so, is your freedom, you do not fault! After their ancestors and sacrifice is an option, but not the virtues! From the balance of interests, ran out a one!

At 9:27, Fan loyalty in the United States responded to the netizens Tianya the accused, he said that before his running mate, is the "experience of the next. But do not want to see next time!"

He said: "not yet in particular, with more students in my class at the time the students in-depth discussion of this matter, especially not with parents to discuss, if they criticize me I do not mind! I want to hear from parents of students of the true thoughts. Maybe This judgement on the acts and I really established a reasonable and professional ethics of teachers to deal with the most reasonable strategy is beneficial. "

PK view

User of this text had a sharp confrontation, many netizens questioned Fan first to run away not only failed to make the responsibilities of teachers, but also "do not have the slightest moral Fujiu flu" is really too much. But there are also some netizens that should not be too harsh on him: After all, teachers are also ordinary people, at risk to protect themselves is a human instinct, and Fan can open their own online by the think, at least shows that he is an honest people, The courage to face their people.

Students are not left Xianpao Fidelity »

User "yiping1914": If Mr. Fan is the face of the underage students, in any case need to shout out: "sprints" and "People's Republic of China law on protection of minors" Article 40 of Chapter IV states: "schools, Kindergartens, nurseries and public places in emergencies, the priority should be given to the ambulance minors. "Here should not mean a single corporate invisible, but all the staff. On the responsibility, Mr. Fan dereliction of duty, not suitable for the teachers.

User "Mrs 01": teachers may not have the obligation to help students, teachers are human beings, first of all to do is to try to survive should take good care of their families. Da Huoer numerous defects are basically the people who will not Shadaosheji well as Lei Feng, only Luedong Renqingshigu, when reminded students that even if the Yougejiaodai to their conscience.

Facing heart or shameless »

User "Absalom": If a person really encountered disaster, leave his mother ran. Of course we can not say that he should Masi, but if he was really no Kuise in rhetoric at the time of his wit, is really not a shameless thing » People to do the wrong, should not guilty to death, it should be guilty because very simple, our fragile human nature is such, will be weak, but it can also be guilty.

User "blame the wind back": In all fairness, the landlord is likely to act with the necessary training is not the ordinary people most of the PAA response mode. Just imagine, if the ex-situ and, if each of us will not if he is the general action » He could have remained silent, but he did not, that he can face heart, is commendable.
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本文评论       全部评论
  范美忠根本算不上一个男子汉,只是一个怕死   ( XYZ , 05/26/2008 08:17:18 )
  范美忠根本算不上一个男子汉,只是一个怕死   ( XYZ , 05/26/2008 11:18:13 )
  范美忠连自己的母亲都不救,不配使用"   ( 中国人 , 05/26/2008 14:08:20 )
  在现在平安的境况里 说什么都有可能 可你有   ( 需要真实 , 05/26/2008 20:14:15 )
  你能做个老师一定是有后台的 教师最基本的   ( 中国人 , 05/26/2008 06:03:01 )
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