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二战著名狙击手:瓦西里档案

[日期:2008-05-25]   [字体: ]

瓦西里.柴瑟夫

二战时期前苏联最出名的狙击手

有一部电影,《兵临城下》。

1942年10月为止,德军已经占领了9/10的城市,这时的城市已几乎被炮火轰击成了碎片,就连第三帝国疲惫的士兵们都称之为“老鼠的战争”。双方的战斗人员都在隧道间不停地穿梭,隐蔽于巨大的工业设备和倒塌的公寓建筑的废墟楼板中。狙击手们就活跃在其间,在斯大林格勒战役中苏军的首席狙击手是瓦西里.扎伊采夫,一位乌拉尔山区的牧羊人。在他头10天的战斗中,扎伊采夫就已经射杀了40名德军。当他的记录接近100时,他作为苏联军队中的典范事迹而成为苏联宣传部门的重点。这就不可避免的被柏林方面予以反击。德国“措森狙击学校”的校长,埃尔温.柯尼格少校被派到斯大林格勒来消灭瓦西里。瓦西里也得到了这个警告。于是他在自己的行动区域内沿着狭窄的战线重点搜索。第二天,在“红十月工厂”地区,他和他的观察员助手尼科莱.库里科夫(就是在电影中那个被柯尼格少校凌空击毙的老头的原型)最后观察到一顶露出顶部的德军钢盔在沿着战壕爬行。瓦西里认出这是一个骗局,因为这顶钢盔运动得很不平均。

第三天,他们在拂晓之前又回到了这个区域,这次还有一位政治委员军官同行,因为他想作为这个历史性对战的见证人(这应该是电影中政委丹尼洛夫的原型吧)。在对峙期间,那个政委忽然兴奋地宣称他看到了那个德国人并站了起来。一颗子弹击中了他。虽然他倒在地上痛苦地来回翻滚,但其实他的伤并不严重。扎伊采夫琢磨着这个德军狙击手的战术,并继续通过望远镜观察,他想这个德军狙击手故意击伤而不杀死政委,是为了使他因为救治政委而暴露自己。为了验证这个想法,扎伊采夫把一只手套粘在一块木版上,并慢慢地暴露它。一颗子弹呼啸着击穿了手套。扎伊采夫发现子弹是从一个有点特别的碎石堆的某个位置射出的。但这一天,已经来不及做更多的事情了。第四天,他们一直等到太阳转到他们后背以后,才又回到这个地方,因为这样狙击镜才不会有反光。扎伊采夫和他的观察员助手举起一个戴着钢盔的假人头。他突然发现在一块钢板之下有一道镜片的耀眼的反光。砰!德国狙击手击碎了假人的头。就在同一时刻,扎伊采夫的枪也响了,但是他击中的却不是假人。对决就这样结束了,第三帝国的超级狙击手--柯尼格少校,倒地而亡。”

参考资料:约瀚.普拉斯特少校所著的《终极狙击手》

Vasile. Zaitsev

During World War II the former Soviet Union's most famous sniper

Is a movie, "Binglinchengxia."

October 1942, the German army has occupied the 9 / 10 of the city, then the city has become almost artillery bombardment of debris, and even the Third Reich exhausted soldiers have called the "rat war." The two sides of the combatants are kept in the tunnel between the shuttle, hidden in the huge industrial equipment and the collapse of the ruins of an apartment building in the floor. Snipers are active in the meantime, the Battle of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union's chief sniper is Vasile. Zaitsev, a shepherd of the Ural mountains. In his first 10 days of the battle, Zaitsev had been shot and killed 40 German soldiers. When he recorded nearly 100, he as a model of the Soviet army in the deeds of the Soviet Union and become the focus of the propaganda departments. This was inevitable in Berlin to counterattack. Germany "Zossen attacks on schools," the principal, Erwin. Keni Ge Maj. be sent to Stalingrad to eliminate Vasile. Vasile has also been warning of this. So he's own actions in the region along the narrow focus of the search front. The next day, in "Red October factory", he and his aides Nicolai observers. Kurikov (in a film that is the major air Keni Ge old man killed by the prototype) to a final observation of the top exposed Department of German army helmets in the trenches along the reptiles. Vasile recognize this is a hoax, because this movement has no roof helmets average.

Third day, before dawn in their back to the region, political commissar of the officers have a peer, because he wants to as the witnesses of this historic Versus (This should be a political commissar of the film in the prototype it Danniluofu ). During the confrontation, political commissar of that excitement that he suddenly saw that German and stood up. A bullet hit him. Although he fell to the ground in anguish rolling back and forth, but in fact his injury was not serious. Zaitsev pondering in the German army sniper tactics, and to continue to observe through the telescope, he would like the German army snipers killed deliberately damaged but not political commissar, is to enable political commissar of the treatment because he exposed himself. To test this idea, Zaitsev to a stick in the gloves on a board and slowly exposed it. A bullet whizzed a breakdown of the gloves. Zaitsev found a bullet from a special heap of rubble of a location shoot. But this day, have been too late to do more thing. The fourth day, they wait until they go back after the sun before returning to this place, because this attack will not be a reflective mirror. Zaitsev and his aides raised an observer wearing helmets at the head. He suddenly found a steel plate under the lens of the eye-catching is one of the SLR. Bang! German sniper smashed the dummy's head. In the same time, Zaitsev also ring for the gun, but he does not hit the dummies. On the confrontation between the end of this, the Third Reich's super sniper - Keni Ge majors, lying on the ground died. "

Reference: About Han. Pulasite written by Maj. the "ultimate sniper"
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