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2010年6月21日英语四级模拟考卷及全部答案

(01-10)

[日期:2007-06-23]   [字体: ]

Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1.
For questions 1-7, mark Y (for YES) if the statement aGREes with the information given in the passage;
y (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage;感谢英语联盟提供 (http://www.enun.cn)
NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage.
For questions 8-10. complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

Protect Your Privacy When Job-hunting Online

Identity theft and identity fraud are terms used to refer to all types of crime in which someone wrongfully obtains and uses another person's personal data in some way that involves fraud or deception, typically for economic gain.

The numbers associated with identity theft are beginning to add up fast these days. A recent General Accounting Office report estimates that as many as 750.000 Americans are victims of identity theft every year. And thai number may be low, as many people choose not to report the crime even if they know they have been victimized.

Identity theft is "an absolute epidemic," states Robert Ellis Smith, a respected author and advo­cate of privacy. "It's certainly picked up in the last four or five years. It's worldwide. It affects everybody, and there's very little you can do to prevent it and, worst of all. you can't detect it until it's probably too late."

OnfficTyour fingerprints, which are unique to you and cannot be given to someone else for their use, your personal data, especially your social security number, your bank account or credit card number, your telephone calling card number, and other valuable identifying data, can be used, if they fall into the wrong hands, to personally profit at your expense. In the United States and Canada, for example, many people have reported that unauthorized persons have taken funds out of their bank or financial accounts, or. in the worst cases, taken over their identities altogether, running up vast debts and committing crimes while using ihe victims' names. In many cases, a victim's losses may include not only out-of-pocket financial losses, but substantial additional financial costs asso­ciated with trying to restore his reputation in the community and correcting erroneous information for which the criminal is responsible.

According to Ihe FBI, identity theft is the number one fraud committed on the Internet. So how do job seekers protect themselves while continuing to circulate their resumes online? The key to a successful online job search is learning to manage the risks. Here are some tips for staying safe while conducting a job search on the Internet.

1. Check for a privacy policy.

If you are considering posting your resume online, make sure the job search site you are con­sidering has a privacy policy, like CareerBuilder.com The policy should spell out how your infor­mation will be used, stored and whether or not it will be shared. You may want to think twice about posting your resume on a site that automatically shares your information with others. You could be opening yourself up to unwanted calls from solicitors (4MB $ ).
When reviewing the site's privacy policy, you'll be able to delete your resume just as easily as you posted it. You won't necessarily want your resume to remain out there on the Internet once you land a job. Remember, the longer your resume remains posted on a job board, the more exposure, both positive and not-so-positive, it will receive.

2. Take advantage of site features.
Lawful job search sites offer levels of privacy protection. Before posting your resume, care­fully consider your job search objectives and the level of risk you are willing to assume.
CareerBuilder.com, for example, offers three levels of privacy from which job seekers can choose. The first is standard posting. This option gives job seekers who post their resumes the most visibility to the broadest employer audience possible.
The second is anonymous (匿名的) posting. This allows job seekers the same visibility as those in the standard posting category without any of their contact information being displayed. Job seekers who wish to remain anonymous but want to share some other information may choose which pieces of contact information to display.
The third is private posting. This option allows a job seeker to post a resume without having it searched by employers. Private posting allows job seekers to quickly and easily apply for jobs that appear on CareerBuilder.com without retyping their information.

3. Safeguard your identity.
Career experts say that one of the ways job seekers can stay safe while using the Internet to search out jobs is to conceal their identities. Replace your name on your resume with a generic (泛指的) identifier, such as "Intranet Developer Candidate," or "Experienced Marketing Representative."
You should also consider eliminating the name and location of your current employer. Depend­ing on your title, it may not be all that difficult to determine who you are once the name of your company is provided. Use a general description of the company such as "Major auto manufacturer." or "International packaged goods supplier."
If your job title is unique, consider using the generic equivalent instead of the exacnitle as­signed by your employer.

4. Establish an email address for your search.
Another way to protect your privacy while seeking employment online is to open up an email account specifically for your online job search. This will safeguard your existing email box in the event someone you don't know gets hold of your email address and shares it with others.


Using an email address specifically for your job search also eliminates the possibility that you will receive unwelcome emails in your primary mailbox. When naming your new email address, be sure that it doesn't contain references to your name or other information that will give away your identity. The best solution is an email address that is relevant to the job you are seeking such as Salesmgr2004@provider.com.

5. Protect your references.
If your resume contains a section with the names and contact information of your references. take it out. There's no sense in safeguarding your information while sharing private contact infor­mation of your references.

6. Keep confidential (机密的)information confidential.
Do not, under any circumstances, share your social security, driver's license, and bank account numbers or other personal information, such as race or eye color. Honest employers do not need this information with an initial application. Don't provide this even if they say they need it in order lo conduct a background check. This is one of the oldest tricks in the book - don't fall for it.

1. Robert Ellis Smith believes identily theft is difficult to detect and one can hardly do anything to prevent it.
2. In many cases, identity theft not only causes the victims' immediate financial losses but costs them a lot to restore their reputation.
3. Identity theft is a minor offence and its harm has been somewhat overestimated.
4. It is important that your resume not stay online longer than is necessary.
5. Of the three options offered by CareerBuilder.com in Suggestion 2. the third one is apparently most strongly recommended.
6. Employers require applicants to submit very personal information on background checks.
7. Applicants are advised to use generic names for themselves and their current employers when seeking employment online.
8. Using a special email address in the job search can help prevent you from receiving________.
9. To protect your references, you should not post online their________.
10. According to the passage, identity theft is committed typically for________.

广州新东方的参考答案:

1 Y,根据人名Robert Ellis Smith定位在原文第三段, 可直接对应原文内容。
2 Y, 根据financial loss及restore reputation两组关键词对应原文第四段。
3 N, 对应原文第三段第一句话,Smith说identity theft is an absolute epidemic. 与选项中的minor offence及harm is overestimated内容矛盾。
4 Y, 对应原文第一个小标题Suggestion 1下第二段内容,直接对应,“如果找到工作后,不要把简历放在网上。”
5 NG, 对应原文第二个小标题Suggestion 2, 选项直接给出定位点,该建议包括三项内容,选项中most strongly recommended并无给出相关的对应信息,选NG。
6 N, 对应原文最后一段的第六个小标题,原文说公司不要求你在求职时提交银行帐号,社会保障号码等,与选项provide very personal information矛盾。
7 Y, 对应原文第三个小标题下第一段和第二段内容,网上求职不要用真名,用generic name。
8 unwelcome emails 对应第四个小标题,原文倒数第三段。
9 names and contact information 对应原文倒数倒数第二段,根据小标题定位容易。
10 economic gains,对应原文首段最后一句话“typically for economic gains.” 感谢英语联盟提供 (http://www.enun.cn)

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